Lunatic – From Latin, meaning ‘moon struck’

Lunatic is actually from the Latin ‘lunaticus’, with ‘luna’ meaning ‘moon’ and ‘ticus’ meaning ‘struck’, giving us ‘moon-struck’. Refering to perceived periodic changes of mental stability of the mentally ill, in line with the phases of the moon. The word travelled through 13th century French as ‘lunatique’ to become ‘lunatic’ today.

Muscle: Latin for ‘little mouse’

Muscle: Is actually a word we’ve borrowed from the French, which has its roots in the Latin word ‘musculus’, ‘mus’ refered to a mouse and ‘sculus’ meant little. So the word literally meant ‘little mouse’; the Romans felt that the movement of muscles resembled the movements of little mice under the skin. This is idea…

Ketchup: Chinese fish sauce

Ketchup has a fairly recent etymology but has still come a long way in that short time. The word comes from a 17th century Chinese term ‘kê-chiap’ meaning ‘Brine’ and referred to a sauce made from pickled fish and spices. 18th century British explorers visiting the region brought the term (and the sauce) to England where it was…