Nonchalant – Not hot

Nonchalant – Feeling or appearing casually calm and relaxed The word ‘nonchalant’ joined English from French in around 1734. The ‘non’ part is probably pretty obvious, the ‘chalant’ part is a derivative of ‘chaloir’ meaning ‘concern’ and is in turn derived from the Latin ‘calere’ which meant ‘hot’.

Pirate – One who attacks

Pirate – A person who attacks and robs ships “Why are pirates called pirates?” We’ve all heard the old joke, next time, why not cut them off with the truth? The word ‘pirate’ is derived from the Greek word ‘perian’ which meant ‘one who attacks’ where ‘peria’ meant ‘attack’.

Race – From the Old French word ‘Razza’

Race – Each of the major divisions of humankind, having distinct physical characteristics. The word ‘race’ has been in use in English since the 16th century when it entered our language via the French when they were in control of Britain. The word was derived from an earlier French word ‘razza’ which meant the same…

Rabbi – My master

Rabbi – A Jewish scholar or teacher, especially one who studies or teaches Jewish law. Rabbi has been in the English language since the late 15th century, originally it came from the Arabic word ‘rabh’ meaning ‘master’ the ‘I’ at the end is the same we use today as the personal pronoun – So literally,…

Machine – That which gives power

Machine – An apparatus using mechanical power and having several parts, each with a definite function and together performing a particular task. The word ‘machine’ dates back to the 1540s, it came across from French, where the word meant the same as it does today. ‘Machine’ is derived from the Latin word ‘machina’ meaning ‘machine’…