Villa – In modern parlance, refering to various types and sizes of residences, ranging from the suburban “semi-detached” double villa to large rural residences.
The word has been used to mean ‘Italian country house or farm’ since Roman times. From 1610 it has also been applied to country mansions throughout the globe.
The Latin ‘villa’ is a derivative of of the earlier Latin ‘vicus’ meaning village – in Roman Italy a villa encorperated many staff and services and so was synonymous with a village. ‘vicus’ comes from the PIE (Proto-Indo-European) word ‘weik’ meaning ‘clan’.