Cancer: Is a disease where cells in a specific part of the body begin to reproduce at an unnecessary and uncontrollable rate, destroying health and functional tissue nearby. It affects a huge proportion of people in the developed world and can be very traumatic for the patient as well as their loved ones.
The word comes from latin where (in the same form) it meant ‘crab’. This, in turn, was from the Greek word ‘karkinos’ with the same meaning. The Greek physician Hippocrates, among others, thought that tumours with attached swollen veins resemble the animal.