Pirate – A person who attacks and robs ships “Why are pirates called pirates?” We’ve all heard the old joke, next time, why not cut them off with the truth? The word ‘pirate’ is derived from the Greek word ‘perian’ which meant ‘one who attacks’ where ‘peria’ meant ‘attack’. Advertisements
Wood – The hard fibrous material that forms the main substance of the trunk or branches of a tree or shrub The word ‘wood’ is derived from the Proto-Indo-European word ‘whidu’ which meant ‘tree’.
Fuel – Something that produces power ‘Fuel’ used to be spelt as ‘feuel’ until around the year 1200 CE, it joined our language from the French word ‘foaille’ which meant the same thing. ‘Foaille’ was derived from the Latin term ‘focalia’ meaning ‘brushwood’.
Nonchalant – Feeling or appearing casually calm and relaxed The word ‘nonchalant’ joined English from French in around 1734. The ‘non’ part is probably pretty obvious, the ‘chalant’ part is a derivative of ‘chaloir’ meaning ‘concern’ and is in turn derived from the Latin ‘calere’ which meant ‘hot’.
Medal – a metal disc typically of the size of a large coin and bearing an inscription or design, made to commemorate an event or awarded to someone to having achieved something. The word ‘medal’ can be traced back to Proto-Indo-Eurpean, but before you start imagining Neolithic people on a podium, it’s worth bearing in…
Addiction: Is a relatively recent word, at least in its current usage. It has only been used to relate to a chemical dependence since 1910, previously it meant ‘devotion’. It has its roots in the Latin word ‘addictus’ which meant in a literal sense ‘to sell’ or ‘award’ – essentially to give over. It was…
Ghost – An apparition of a dead person. Ghost is derived from the Old English word ‘gast’ which meant ‘breath’. ‘Gast’ was in turn derived from the Proto-Germanic word ‘gaistaz’ and ultimately came from the Proto-Indo-Eurpoean word ‘gheis’ which meant ‘excitement’ or ‘fear’.