Pirate – One who attacks

Pirate – A person who attacks and robs ships “Why are pirates called pirates?” We’ve all heard the old joke, next time, why not cut them off with the truth? The word ‘pirate’ is derived from the Greek word ‘perian’ which meant ‘one who attacks’ where ‘peria’ meant ‘attack’. Advertisements

Nonchalant – Not hot

Nonchalant – Feeling or appearing casually calm and relaxed The word ‘nonchalant’ joined English from French in around 1734. The ‘non’ part is probably pretty obvious, the ‘chalant’ part is a derivative of ‘chaloir’ meaning ‘concern’ and is in turn derived from the Latin ‘calere’ which meant ‘hot’.

Medal – ‘Halves’

Medal – a metal disc typically of the size of a large coin and bearing an inscription or design, made to commemorate an event or awarded to someone to having achieved something. The word ‘medal’ can be traced back to Proto-Indo-Eurpean, but before you start imagining Neolithic people on a podium, it’s worth bearing in…

Ghost – Excitement

Ghost – An apparition of a dead person. Ghost is derived from the Old English word ‘gast’ which meant ‘breath’. ‘Gast’ was in turn derived from the Proto-Germanic word ‘gaistaz’ and ultimately came from the Proto-Indo-Eurpoean word ‘gheis’ which meant ‘excitement’ or ‘fear’.